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9 merkkiä lisätty ,  8 kuukautta sitten
* {{Angola}}: [[MPLA]]:n alaisuudessa vuodesta (1975)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/angola|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Angola Report}}</ref>
* {{Azerbaidžan}}: [[Heydar Aliyev]]in (1993-2003) ja [[İlham Əliyev|Ilham Alijev]]<nowiki/>in alaisuudessa vuodesta (2003)<ref>{{cite news|last=Vincent|first=Rebecca|title=When the music dies: Azerbaijan one year after Eurovision|url=http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2013/05/2013519690697916.html|accessdate=10 .6.2013|date=19 .5.2013|agency=[[Al Jazeera]]|quote=}}</ref>
* {{Bahrain}}: [[Al Khalifa]]-suvun alaisuudessa vuodesta (1746)<ref>Nebil Husayn, [http://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/Bahrain%20AMSS%20-%20Abstract%20-%20Outline_0.pdf Authoritarianism in Bahrain: Motives, Methods and Challenges], AMSS 41st Annual Conference (September 29, 2012); [http://cddrl.stanford.edu/events/parliamentary_elections_and_authoritarian_rule_in_bahrain Parliamentary Elections and Authoritarian Rule in Bahrain] (January 13, 2011), Stanford University</ref>
* {{Valko-Venäjä}}: [[Alexander Lukashenko]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (1994)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/oct/07/belarus-inside-europes-last-dictatorship|accessdate=7 .8.2014 |title=Belarus: inside Europe’s last dictatorship |location=London |work=The Guardian|first=Sigrid|last=Rausing|date=7 .10.2012}}</ref><ref name="reuters1">{{cite news| url=https://www.reuters.com/article/2012/03/04/us-belarus-dicator-idUSTRE8230T320120304 | agency=[[Reuters]] |title=Belarus’s Lukashenko: "Better a dictator than gay" |quote=|location=Berlin |date=4 .3.2012}}</ref> <ref>{{cite news|title=Profile: Alexander Lukashenko|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3882843.stm|accessdate=7 .7.2014|work=BBC News|publisher=BBC|date=9 .1.2007|quote=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.amnesty.org/en/region/europe-and-central-asia/eurasia/belarus |title=Human rights by country&nbsp;– Belarus |accessdate=22 .12.2007 |year=2007 |website=Amnesty International Report 2007 |publisher=[[Amnesty International]] |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071212011715/http://www.amnesty.org/en/region/europe-and-central-asia/eurasia/belarus |archivedate=12 December 2007 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
* {{Bosnia ja Hertsegovina}} / {{Serbitasavalta}}: [[Milorad Dodik]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (2006)<ref>{{cite journal|last1=Bieber|first1=Florian|title=Patterns of competitive authoritarianism in the Western Balkans|journal=East European Politics|date=heinäkuu 2018|volume=38|issue=3|pages=337-54|doi=10.1080/21599165.2018.1490272}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/world/europe/dodik-republika-srpska-bosnia.html|title=Milorad Dodik Wants to Carve Up Bosnia. Peacefully, if Possible|date=16 .2.2018|publisher=The New York Times
|accessdate=5 .1.2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.apnews.com/2e8576b75226465fa1dc4180cdda6644|title=Correction: Bosnia-Journalist Beaten story|date=28 .0.2018|publisher=Associated Press|accessdate=5 .1.2019}}</ref>
* {{Burundi}}: [[Pierre Nkurunziza]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (2005)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/burundi|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Burundi Report}}</ref>
* {{Kambodža}} : [[Punaiset khmerit|Punaisten khmeri]]<nowiki/>en ja [[Hun Sen]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (1985)<ref>{{cite news |author=Elisabeth Bumiller |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/17/world/asia/in-cambodia-panetta-reaffirms-ties-with-authoritarian-government.html |title=In Cambodia, Panetta Reaffirms Ties With Authoritarian Government |newspaper=[[The New York Times]] |date=16.11. 2012 }}</ref>
* {{Kamerun}}: [[Paul Biya]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (1982)<ref name="Freedom House" />
* {{Tšad}}: [[Idriss Deby]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (1990)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/chad|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Chad Report}}</ref>
* {{Kiina}}: [[Kiinan kommunistinen puolue|Kiinan kommunistisen puolue]]<nowiki/>en alaisuudessa vuodesta (1949) <ref>Ming Xia, [https://www.nytimes.com/ref/college/coll-china-politics.html China Rises Companion: Political Governance], ''The New York Times''. See also Cheng Li, [http://www.brookings.edu/research/articles/2012/09/shifting-power-china-lic The End of the CCP’s Resilient Authoritarianism? A Tripartite Assessment of Shifting Power in China] (September 2012), ''The China Quarterly'', Vol. 211; Perry Link and Joshua Kurlantzick, [https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB124319304482150525 China's Modern Authoritarianism] (May 25, 2009), ''The Wall Street Journal''; Ariana Eunjung Cha</ref> <ref>{{cite journal |last1=Kennedy |first1=John |last2=Nagao |first2=Haruka |last3=Liu |first3=Hongyan |title=Voting and Values: Grassroots Elections in Rural and Urban China |journal=Politics and Governance |volume=6 |issue=2 |pages=90 |doi=10.17645/pag.v6i2.1331 |url=https://www.cogitatiopress.com/politicsandgovernance/article/view/1331|year=2018 }}</ref>
* {{Kongon demokraattinen tasavalta}}: [[Mobutu Sese Seko]]n, [[Laurent-Désiré Kabila|Laurent-Désiré]] ja [[Joseph Kabila]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (1965)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2018/congo-democratic-republic-kinshasa|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Democratic Republic of Congo Report}}</ref>
* {{Kongon tasavalta}}: [[Denis Sassou Nguesso]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (1997)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2018/congo-republic-brazzaville|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Republic of Congo Report}}</ref>
* {{Kuuba}}: [[Kuuban kommunistinen puolue|Kuuban kommunistisen puolue]]<nowiki/>en alaisuudessa vuodesta (1959)<ref> Shanthi Kalathil and Taylor Boas, [http://carnegieendowment.org/2001/07/16/internet-and-state-control-in-authoritarian-regimes-china-cuba-and-counterrevolution/1ic4 Internet and State Control in Authoritarian Regimes: China, Cuba and the Counterrevolution] (July 16, 2001), Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.</ref>
* {{Egypti}}: [[Hosni Mubarak]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (1981–2011) and [[Abdel Fattah el-Sisi]] alaisuudessa vuodesta (2014)<ref>Amr Adly, [http://carnegie-mec.org/publications/?fa=55804 The Economics of Egypt’s Rising Authoritarian Order], Carnegie Middle East Center, June 18, 2014; Nathan J. Brown & Katie Bentivoglio, [http://carnegieendowment.org/2014/10/09/egypt-s-resurgent-authoritarianism-it-s-way-of-life Egypt's Resurgent Authoritarianism: It's a Way of Life], Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, October 9, 2014; Roula Khalaf, [https://www.ft.com/content/8127ef6e-c38e-11e6-9bca-2b93a6856354 Sisi’s Egypt: The march of the security state], ''Financial Times'' (December 19, 2016); Peter Hessler, [http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/01/02/egypts-failed-revolution Egypt's Failed Revolution], ''New Yorker'', January 2, 2017.</ref>
* {{Päiväntasaajan Guinea}}: [[Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (1979)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/equatorial-guinea|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Equatorial Guinea Report}}</ref>
* {{Jordania}}: [[Abdullah II ]]:n alaisuudessa
* {{Kazakstan}}: [[Nursultan Nazarbajev|Nursultan Nazarbayev]]<nowiki/>in alaiduudessa <ref name="Freedom House" />
* {{Laos}}: Laon kansan vallankumouksellisen puolueen alaisuudessa vuodesta (1975)<ref name=":0">Beckert, Jen. "Communitarianism." International Encyclopedia of Economic Sociology. London: Routledge, 2006. 81.</ref>
* {{Marokko}}: [[Mohammed VI]]:n alaisuudessa<ref>{{cite news |title=Governance of Morocco |url=https://fanack.com/morocco/governance/ |work=Fanack.com}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title=Morocco: The Promise of Democracy and the Reality of Authoritarianism |url=http://www.iai.it/en/pubblicazioni/morocco-promise-democracy-and-reality-authoritarianism |work=IAI Istituto Affari Internazionali |date=27 .4.2016 |language=it}}</ref>
* {{Montenegro}}: [[Milo Đukanović]]in alaisuudessa <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/27/world/europe/montenegro-milo-djukanovic-resigns.html|title=Montenegro’s Prime Minister Resigns, Perhaps Bolstering Country’s E.U. Hopes |date=26 .10.2016|publisher=The New York Times|accessdate=12 .12.2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.rferl.org/a/djukanovic-looks-to-extend-dominance-in-montenegro-s-presidential-vote/29167866.html|title=Montenegro's Djukanovic Declares Victory In Presidential Election |date=16 .4.2018|publisher=Radio Free Europe|accessdate=12 .12.2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://eastwest.eu/it/opinioni/european-crossroads/elezioni-presidenziali-montenegro-vittoria-djukanovic|title=Djukanovic si riprende il Montenegro con la benedizione di Bruxelles |date=17 .4.2018|publisher=eastwest.eu|accessdate=12 .12.2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.dw.com/bs/%C4%91ukanovi%C4%87-posljednji-autokrat-balkana/a-16888850|title=Đukanović - posljednji autokrat Balkana |date=18 .6.2013|publisher=Deutsche Welle|accessdate=12 .12.2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.france24.com/en/20180319-montenegro-veteran-pm-djukanovic-run-presidency|title=Montenegro veteran PM Djukanovic to run for presidency |date=19 .3.2018|publisher=France 24|accessdate=12 .12.2018}}</ref>
* {{Ruanda}}: [[Paul Kagame]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (2000)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/rwanda|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Rwanda Report}}</ref>
* {{Serbia}}: [[Aleksandar Vučić]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (2012)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-36122928|title=Serbia election: Pro-EU Prime Minister Vucic claims victory |date=24 .4.2016|publisher=BBC|accessdate=12 .12.2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/09/opinion/a-serbian-election-erodes-democracy.html?referer=|title=A Serbian Election Erodes Democracy |date=9 .4.2017|publisher=The New York Times|accessdate=12 .12.2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/03/09/how-aleksandar-vucic-became-europes-favorite-autocrat/|title=How Aleksandar Vucic Became Europe’s Favorite Autocrat |first=Aleks|last=Eror |date=9 .3.2018|publisher=Foreign Policy|accessdate=12 .12.2018}}</ref>
* {{Singapore}}: [[Lee Kuan Yew]]in alaisuudessa vuoteen 2015.<ref>{{cite web|title=Lee Kuan Yew leaves a legacy of authoritarian pragmatism|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/23/lee-kuan-yews-legacy-of-authoritarian-pragmatism-will-serve-singapore-well|accessdate=5 .5.2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=January 5, 2017 Fear, smear and the paradox of authoritarian politics in Singapore|url=http://www.theindependent.sg/fear-smear-and-the-paradox-of-authoritarian-politics-in-singapore/|accessdate=5 .5.2017}}</ref>
* {{Saudi-Arabia}}: [[Saudien hallitsijasuku|Saud-suvun]] alaisuudessa vuodesta (1744)<ref>Toby Craig Jones, ''Desert Kingdom: How Oil and Water Forged Modern Saudi Arabia'' (2011), Harvard University Press, pp. 5, 14–15; Kira D. Baiasu, Fall 2009, Volume 10, Issue 1 (September 30, 2009), ''Northwestern Journal of International Affairs''.</ref>
* {{Etelä-Sudan}}: [[Salva Kiir Mayardit]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (2011)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/south-sudan|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World South Sudan Report}}</ref>
* {{Syyria}}: [[Hafez Al-Assad|Hafez]] ja [[Bashar al-Assad]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (1970)<ref>{{Cite book|last1=Heydemann|first1=Steven |last2=Leenders|first2=Reinoud |title=Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran |publisher=Stanford University Press |year=2013 |isbn=978-0804793339 |page=13}}</ref>
* {{Tadžikistan}}: [[Emomali Rahmon]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (1994)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2018/tajikistan|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Tajikistan Report}}</ref>
* {{Thaimaa}} : [[Prayut Chan-o-cha]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (2014)<ref>{{Cite book|title=Cultural Rights as Collective Rights: An International Law Perspective|last=Jakubowski|first=Andrzej|publisher=Brill – Nijhoff|year=2016|isbn=978-9004312012|location=|page=196|quote=|via=}}</ref>
* {{Turkki}}: [[Recep Tayyip Erdogan]] alaisuudessa vuodesta (2003) <ref>Berk Esena & Sebnem Gumuscub, [http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01436597.2015.1135732?journalCode=ctwq20 Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey], ''Third World Quarterly'' (February 19, 2016). </ref>
* {{Turkmenistan}}: [[Saparmurat Niyazov]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (1991–2006) ja [[Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow]]in alaisuudessa vuodesta (2006)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/turkmenistan|title=Turkmenistan|website=hrw.org|accessdate=4 .9.2016}}</ref>
* {{UAE}}: kuuden emiirikunnan hallitsija suvun alaisuudessa vuodesta (10. helmikuuta 1972)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://newint.org/blog/2015/09/07/uae-human-rights|title=The dark side of the United Arab Emirates|date=7 .9.2015|website=newint.org|accessdate=22 .10.2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-14703998|title=United Arab Emirates profile|date=29 .8.2017|publisher=|accessdate=22 .10.2017|via=www.bbc.com}}</ref>
* {{Uganda}}: itsenäisyyden ajasta asti (1964)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/uganda|accessdate=19 .4.2018|title=Freedom in the World Uganda Report}}</ref>
* {{Uzbekistan}}: Islam Karimovina alaisuudessa vuodesta (1989–2016)<ref>Neil J. Melvin, ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=BmF4AgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false Uzbekistan: Transition to Authoritarianism on the Silk Road]'' (Harwood Academic, 2000), pp. 28–30.</ref><ref>Shahram Akbarzadeh, "Post-Soviet Central Asia: The Limits of Islam" in ''Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity'' (Oxford University Press, 2012: eds. Rainer Grote & Tilmann J. Röder), p. 428.</ref> and [[Shavkat Mirziyoyev]] alaisuudessa vuodesta (2016-)<ref>https://www.economist.com/news/asia/21732574-new-president-less-brutal-his-predecessor-no-democrat-uzbek-spring-has-sprung</ref>
* {{Venezuela}}: [[Hugo Chávez]]in ja [[Nicolás Maduro]]n alaisuudessa vuodesta (1999)<ref>Human Rights Watch, [https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/03/05/venezuela-chavez-s-authoritarian-legacy Venezuela: Chávez’s Authoritarian Legacy: Dramatic Concentration of Power and Open Disregard for Basic Human Rights], March 5, 2013; Kurt Weyland, [http://www.journalofdemocracy.org/sites/default/files/Weyland-24-3.pdf Latin America's Authoritarian Drift: The Threat from the Populist Left], ''Journal of Democracy'', Vol. 24, No. 3 (July 2013), pp. 18–32.</ref>
* {{Vietnam}}: Vietnamin kommunistisen puolueen alaisuudessa vuodesta (1976)
 
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