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Japani-palkinto (jap. 日本国際賞, Nihon-kokusai-shō) on Japanin tiede- ja teknologiasäätiön vuosittain vuodesta 1985 jakama palkinto. Palkinto myönnetään ihmisille, jotka ovat edesauttaneet tieteen ja teknologian edistymistä ja maailman rauhan ja hyvinvoinnin kehittymistä. Periaatteessa palkinto voidaan antaa mille tahansa tieteen ja teknologian osa-alueella toimivalle elävälle henkilölle, mutta vuosittain valitaan kaksi alaa, joilla toimiville henkilöille palkinto myönnetään. Poikkeustapauksissa palkinto voidaan myöntää myös pienille tutkijaryhmille. Palkinnon suuruus on 50 miljoonaa japanin jeniä.[1]

PalkitutMuokkaa

Vuosi Nimi Kansallisuus Myöntöperuste
2017 Emmanuelle Charpentier
Jennifer Doudna
  Ranska
  Yhdysvallat
for deciphering the molecular details of the type II bacterial immune system CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats)-Cas and the creation of the CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing system, a truly revolutionary technique in genetic engineering, far more economical and faster than those previously available.[2]
Adi Shamir   Israel for his significant contributions to the fields of cryptography and computer science.
2016 Hideo Hosono   Japani for the creation of unconventional inorganic materials with novel electronic functions based on nano-structure engineering.
Steven D. Tanksley   Yhdysvallat for his contribution to modern crop breeding through research on development of molecular genetic analysis.
2015 Yutaka Takahasi (ja)   Japani for the contribution to development of innovative concept on river basin management and reduction of water-related disasters.
Theodore Friedmann
Alain Fischer (fr)
  Yhdysvallat
  Ranska
for the proposal of the concept of gene therapy and its clinical applications.
2014 Yasuharu Suematsu   Japani for pioneering research on semiconductor lasers for high-capacity long-distance optical fiber communication.
C. David Allis   Yhdysvallat for the discovery of histone modifications as fundamental regulators of gene expression.
2013 C. Grant Willson (de)
Jean M. J. Fréchet
  Yhdysvallat
  Yhdysvallat
for development of chemically amplified resist polymer materials for innovative semiconductor manufacturing process.[3]
John Frederick Grassle   Yhdysvallat for contribution to marine environmental conservation through research on ecology and biodiversity of deep-sea organisms.
2012 Janet Rowley
Brian Druker
Nicholas Lydon
  Yhdysvallat
  Yhdysvallat
  Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta
for the development of a new therapeutic drug targeting cancer-specific molecules.
Masato Sagawa   Japani for the developing the world's highest performing Nd-Fe-B type permanent magnet and contributing to energy conservation.
2011 Kenneth Thompson
Dennis Ritchie
  Yhdysvallat
  Yhdysvallat
for writing the Unix operating system.
Tadamitsu Kishimoto
Toshio Hirano
  Japani
  Japani
for the discovery of interleukin-6.
2010 Shun’ichi Iwasaki (de)   Japani for contributions to high-density magnetic recording technology by the development of a perpendicular magnetic recording method.
Peter Vitousek   Yhdysvallat for contributions to solving global environmental issues based on the analysis of nitrogen and other substances’ cycles.
2009 Dennis L. Meadows   Yhdysvallat for contributions in the area of "Transformation towards a sustainable society in harmony with nature".
David E. Kuhl   Yhdysvallat for contributions in the area of "Technological integration of medical science and engineering". Specifically, tomographic imaging in nuclear medicine.
2008 Vinton Gray Cerf
Robert E. Kahn
  Yhdysvallat
  Yhdysvallat
for the creation of network architecture and communication protocol for the Internet.
Victor A. McKusick   Yhdysvallat for the establishment of medical genetics and contributions to its development.
2007 Albert Fert
Peter Grünberg
  Ranska
  Saksa
for the discovery of Giant Magneto-Resistance (GMR) and its contribution to development of innovative spin-electronics devices.
Peter Shaw Ashton   Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta for contributions to the conservation of tropical forest.
2006 John Houghton   Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta for pioneering research on atmospheric structure and composition based on his satellite observation technology and for promotion of international assessments of climate change.
Akira Endo   Japani for the discovery of the Statins and their development.
2005 Makoto Nagao   Japani for pioneering contributions to Natural Language Processing and Intelligent Image Processing.
Masatoshi Takeichi
Erkki Ruoslahti
  Japani
  Yhdysvallat
for fundamental contribution in elucidating the Molecular Mechanisms of Cell Adhesion.
2004 Kenichi Honda
Akira Fujishima
  Japani
  Japani
for pioneering work on photochemical catalysis and its application for the environment.
Keith J. Sainsbury   Uusi-Seelanti for contributions to the understanding of shelf ecosystems and their sustainable utilization.
John H. Lawton   Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta for observational, experimental and theoretical achievements for the scientific understanding and conservation of Biodiversity.
2003 Benoît Mandelbrot
James A. Yorke
  Ranska   Yhdysvallat
  Yhdysvallat
for the creation of universal concepts in complex systems - Chaos and Fractals.
Seiji Ogawa   Japani for the discovery of the principle for functional magnetic resonance imaging.
2002 Tim Berners-Lee   Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta for advancement of civilization through invention, implementation and deployment of the World Wide Web.
Anne McLaren
Andrzej K. Tarkowski
  Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta
  Puola
for pioneering work on mammalian embryonic development.
2001 John B. Goodenough   Yhdysvallat for the discovery of environmentally benign electrode materials for high energy density rechargeable lithium batteries.
Timothy R. Parsons   Kanada for the contributions to the development of Biological/Fisheries Oceanography and for conservation of fishery resources and marine environment.
2000 Ian L. McHarg   Yhdysvallat for the establishment of an ecological City Planning Process and a proposal of a Land Use Evaluation System.
Kimishige Ishizaka   Japani for the discovery of Immunoglobulin E and mechanisms of IgE-mediated allergic reactions.
1999 W. Wesley Peterson   Yhdysvallat for the establishment of coding theory for reliable digital communication, broadcasting and storage.
Jack L. Strominger
Don C. Wiley
  Yhdysvallat
  Yhdysvallat
for the elucidation of the three dimensional structures of class I and class II human histocompatibility antigens and their bound peptides.
1998 Leo Esaki   Japani for the creation and realization of the concept of man-made superlattice crystals which led to generation of new materials with useful applications.
Jozef S. Schell
Marc C. E. Van Montagu
  Belgia
  Belgia
for the establishment of the theory and method of the production of transgenic plants.
1997 Takashi Sugimura
Bruce N. Ames
  Japani
  Yhdysvallat
for the contribution to establishment of fundamental concept on causes of cancer.
Joseph F. Engelberger
Hiroyuki Yoshikawa (ja)
  Yhdysvallat
  Japani
for the establishment of the Robot Industry and Creation of a Techno-Global Paradigm.
1996 Charles K. Kao   Yhdysvallat   Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta for pioneering research on wide-band, low-loss optical fiber communications.
Masao Ito   Japani for the elucidation of the functional principles and neural mechanisms of the cerebellum.
1995 Nick Holonyak, Jr.   Yhdysvallat for outstanding contributions to research and practical applications of light emitting diodes and lasers through pioneering achievements in the understanding of physical principles and in the process technology of intermetallic compound semiconductors.
Edward F. Knipling   Yhdysvallat for pioneering contributions in the development of Integrated Pest Management by the Sterile Insect Release Method and other biological approaches.
1994 William Hayward Pickering   Uusi-Seelanti for inspirational leadership in unmanned lunar and planetary exploration, and for pioneering achievements in the development of spacecraft and deep space communications.
Arvid Carlsson   Ruotsi for the discovery of dopamine as a neurotransmitter and clarification of its role in mental and motor functions and their disorders.
1993 Frank Press   Yhdysvallat for the development of modern seismology and advancement of international cooperation in disaster science.
Kary B. Mullis   Yhdysvallat for the development of the polymerase chain reaction.
1992 Gerhard Ertl   Saksa for the contributions to the new development of the chemistry and physics of solid surfaces.
Ernest John Christopher Polge   Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta for the discovery of a method of the cryopreservation of semen and embryos in farm animals.
1991 Jacques-Louis Lions   Ranska for the contributions to analysis and control of distributed systems, and to promotion of applied analysis.
John Julian Wild   Yhdysvallat for the development of ultrasound imaging in medicine.
1990 Marvin Minsky   Yhdysvallat for the establishment of an academic field named Artificial Intelligence and the proposal of fundamental theories in that field.
William Jason Morgan
Dan McKenzie
Xavier Le Pichon
  Yhdysvallat
  Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta
  Ranska
for the initiation of the theory of plate tectonics and contributions to its development.
1989 Frank Sherwood Rowland   Yhdysvallat for the studies on the mechanisms of stratospheric ozone depletion by chlorofluorocarbons.
Elias James Corey   Yhdysvallat for the pioneering contributions to the syntheses of prostaglandins and their related compounds which are of great therapeutic value.
1988 Georges Vendryes   Ranska for the establishment of fast breeder reactor technology.
Donald Henderson
Isao Arita
Frank Fenner
  Yhdysvallat
  Japani
  Australia
for the eradication of Smallpox.
Luc Montagnier
Robert C. Gallo
  Ranska
  Yhdysvallat
for the discovery of the AIDS-causing virus and development of diagnostic methods.
1987 Henry M. Beachell
Gurdev S. Khush
  Yhdysvallat
  Intia
for the development of the IR8 and IR36 strains for rice breeding strategies geared to the tropical and subtropical zones.
Theodore H. Maiman   Yhdysvallat for the realization of the world's first laser.
1986 David Turnbull   Yhdysvallat for pioneering contributions to materials science with impact on new materials technology such as amorphous solids.
Willem J. Kolff   Yhdysvallat for research and development of artificial organs and their relevant technology.
1985 John R. Pierce   Yhdysvallat for outstanding achievement in the field of electronics and communications technologies.
Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir   Israel for outstanding achievement in basic theory in the field of immobilized enzymes and their practical applications.

LähteetMuokkaa

  1. Japan Prize The Science and Technology Foundation of Japan. Viitattu 12. kesäkuuta 2009. (englanniksi)
  2. Japan Prize 2017, thestreet.com
  3. Tobin, Dave. (2013, January 30). "SUNY ESF alumnus Jean Fréchet wins Japan Prize," Syracuse.com. Accessed: January 31, 2013.