Ero sivun ”Ympyräkaivanto” versioiden välillä

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Varsinainen ympyräkaivantoalue n. 4800–4600 eaa. ulottui [[Saksa]]sta [[Slovakia]]an, [[Tsekki]]in, [[Itävalta]]an, Sloveniaan ja [[Kroatia]]an. Kaivantoja on löydetty ilmakuvista Euroopasta noin 150, mutta vain kahtakymmentä on tutkittu kaivauksin.
 
Ympyräkaivantojen (saksaksi ''Kreisgrabenanlagen'') rakentajien uskotaan muuttaneen alueelle [[Unkari]]sta ja [[Serbia]]sta joskus 6000–5000 eaa. alkaen.
Nämä ympyräkaivannot liittyivät nauhakeraamiseen kulttuuriin.
Niitä tehneet ihmiset tekivät työkaluja luusta ja puusta ja osasivat valmistaa saviastioita. He asuivat suurissa pitkissä taloissa, joissa asui monia perheitä. Elatus henkittiin maanviljelylllä ja karjanhoidolla, johon kuului nautoja, vuohia, sikoja ja lampaita.
 
Saman tyyppisiä monumentteja rakennettiin uudestaan pronssikaudella noin 1500 eaa.
 
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Circular Ditches were constructed during the Lengyel Culture of the Middle Neolithic Age; they consist of 1-3 concentrical circular ditches (up to 10 m broad and 6 m deep) with a total diameter of between 45 and 145 m. Circular ditches were discovered in particular in the Weinviertel region by means of aerial photography. Double circular ditches were researched near Friebritz southeast of Laa an der Thaya and in Kamegg near Gars am Kamp.
 
Lengyel Culture, named after the Hungarian archaeological site Lengyel, culture of the middle Neolithic Age which emerged around 4800/4700 B.C. in western Hungary, Moravia, Slovakia and the east of Austria. Also called "painted pottery culture" because of the popular pottery paintings in the earliest period of this civilisation. Large fortifications (Falkenstein) and circular places of worship have been investigated archaeologically in Austria. Influences from south-eastern Europe
 
Painted Pottery Culture, a culture of the middle Neolithic Age between 4,800/4,700 and 4,000/3,900 B.C.; (Lengyel Culture, Prehistory).
 
ased on the types of pottery embellishments and forms, the New Stone Age is divided into (Prehistory), the Early Neolithic Age (until 4800/4700 B.C.) with the Linear Pottery Culture, the Middle Neolithic Age (until 4000/3900 B.C.) with the Painted Pottery Culture or Lengyel Culture, and the late Neolithic Age (until 2300/2200 B.C.) with the Mondsee Culture, Baden Culture, Corded Ware Culture, and the Bell Beaker Culture. The first traces of metalworking and metal objects date from the late Neolithic Age. Important locations of archaeological finds from the New Stone Age are Attersee, Baden, Falkenstein, Kamegg, Lake Keutschach, Laa an der Thaya, Mondsee, Ossarn, Poysdorf, Schletz, Stollhof, and Mauer near Vienna.
 
 
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== Läntiset ympyräkaivannot==
31 004

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