Ero sivun ”Rituksimabi” versioiden välillä

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(→‎Lähteet: ==Historiaa==)
'''Rituximab''' (MabThera ja Rituxan) on kimeerinen monoklonaalinen vasta-aine lääke potilaille jotka ovat [[CD20]]-positiivisia. Rituximab tuhoaa [[B-solu]]ja ja siksi käytetään hoidettaessa sairauksia joissa esiintyy poikkeavan runsaasti B-soluja, yliaktiivisia B-soluja tai toimintahäiriöisiä B-soluja. Näitä ovat monet [[Lymfooma]], [[leukemia]], elinsiirtojen hylkimis reaktiot ja muutamat autoimmuunisairaudet.
 
 
==Historiaa==
Rituximab was developed by [[Biogen Idec|IDEC Pharmaceuticals]] under the name '''IDEC-C2B8'''.<ref>[http://www.sandiegometro.com/1999/apr/biotech.html "Why San Diego Has Biotech"], Fikes, Bradley J. ''San Diego Metropolitan,'' April 1999. Accessed June 20, 2008.</ref>
 
Based on its safety and effectiveness in [[clinical trial]]s,<ref>{{cite journal |author=Maloney DG, Grillo-López AJ, White CA, ''et al.'' |title=IDEC-C2B8 (Rituximab) anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody therapy in patients with relapsed low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma |journal=Blood |volume=90 |issue=6 |pages=2188–95 |year=1997 |month=September |pmid=9310469 |doi= |url=http://www.bloodjournal.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=9310469}}</ref> rituximab was approved by the [[U.S. Food and Drug Administration]] in 1997 to treat B-cell [[non-Hodgkin lymphoma]]s resistant to other [[chemotherapy]] regimens.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Scott SD |title=Rituximab: a new therapeutic monoclonal antibody for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma |journal=Cancer Pract |volume=6 |issue=3 |pages=195–7 |year=1998 |pmid=9652253 |doi= 10.1046/j.1523-5394.1998.006003195.x|url=http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=1065-4704&date=1998&volume=6&issue=3&spage=195}}</ref> Rituximab, in combination with [[CHOP]] chemotherapy, is superior to CHOP alone in the treatment of [[diffuse large B-cell lymphoma]] and many other B-cell lymphomas.<ref>''Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine'', Longo et al. ''McGraw Hill Medical'' 2011 page 931</ref> In 2010 it was approved by the [[European Commission]] for maintenance treatment after initial treatment of [[follicular lymphoma]].<ref>{{cite news |url=http://www.genengnews.com/gen-news-highlights/roche-gets-ec-nod-for-follicular-lymphoma-maintenance-therapy/81244149/ |title=Roche Gets EC Nod for Follicular Lymphoma Maintenance Therapy |date=October 29, 2010 }}</ref>
 
Rituximab is currently co-marketed by [[Biogen Idec]] and [[Genentech]] in the U.S., by [[Hoffmann–La Roche]] in Canada and the [[European Union]], and by [[Chugai Pharmaceuticals]] and Zenyaku Kogyo in Japan.
 
==Lähteet==
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